Six Traits of Writing

Writing Traits Rubric

 

 

Exemplary

Strong

Proficient

Developing

Emerging

Beginning

Ideas & Content

@  main theme

@  supporting details

 

·   Exceptionally clear, focused, engaging with relevant, strong supporting detail

 

·   Clear, focused, interesting ideas with appropriate detail

 

·   Evident main idea with some support which may be general or limited

 

·   Main idea may be cloudy because supporting detail is too general or even off-topic

·   Purpose and main idea may be unclear and cluttered by irrelevant detail

 

·   Lacks central idea; development is minimal or non-existent

 

Organization

@  structure

@ introduction

@  conclusion

 

 

 

·   Effectively organized in logical and creative manner

·   Creative and engaging intro and conclusion

 

·   Strong order and structure

·   Inviting intro and satisfying closure

 

 

·   Organization is appropriate, but conventional

·   Attempt at introduction and conclusion

 

·   Attempts at organization; may be a “list” of events

·   Beginning and ending not developed

 

·   Lack of structure; disorganized and hard to follow

·   Missing or weak intro and conclusion

·   Lack of coherence; confusing

·   No identifiable introduction or conclusion

 

Voice

@ personality

@ sense of audience

 

·   Expressive, engaging, sincere

·   Strong sense of audience

·   Shows emotion: humour, honesty, suspense or life

·   Appropriate to audience and purpose

·  Writer behind the words comes through

 

·   Evident commitment to topic

·  Inconsistent or dull personality

 

·   Voice may be inappropriate or non-existent

·  Writing may seem mechanical

 

·   Writing tends to be flat or stiff

·  Little or no hint of writer behind words

 

·   Writing is lifeless

·  No hint of the writer

 

Word Choice

@ precision

@effectiveness

@  imagery

 

·   Precise, carefully chosen

·  Strong, fresh, vivid images

 

·   Descriptive, broad range of words

·  Word choice energizes writing

 

·   Language is functional and appropriate

·  Descriptions may be overdone at times

·   Words may be correct but mundane

·  No attempt at deliberate choice

 

·   Monotonous, often repetitious, sometimes inappropriate

 

·   Limited range of words

·  Some vocabulary misused

 

Sentence Fluency

@ rhythm, flow

@variety

 

·   High degree of craftsmanship

·  Effective variation in sentence patterns

 

·   Easy flow and rhythm

·  Good variety in length and structure

 

·   Generally in control

·  Lack variety in length and structure

 

·   Some awkward constructions

·  Many similar patterns and beginnings

 

·   Often choppy

·  Monotonous sentence patterns

·  Frequent run-on sentences

·   Difficult to follow or read aloud

·  Disjointed, confusing, rambling

 

Conventions

@age appropriate, spelling, caps, punctuation, grammar

 

·   Exceptionally strong control of standard conventions of writing

 

·   Strong control of conventions; errors are few and minor

 

·   Control of most writing conventions; occasional errors with high risks

 

·   Limited control of conventions; frequent errors do not interfere with understanding

·   Frequent significant errors may impede readability

 

·   Numerous errors distract the reader and make the text difficult to read